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Structural characterization of the apo form and NADH binary complex of human lactate dehydrogenase

DOI: 10.1107/S1399004714005422 DOI Help
PMID: 24816116 PMID Help

Authors: Sally Dempster (School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham) , Stephen Harper (School of Pharmacy, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham) , John E. Moses (chool of Chemistry, University of Nottingham) , Ingrid Dreveny (School of Pharmacy, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acta Crystallographica Section D Biological Crystallography , VOL 70 , PAGES 1484 - 1490

State: Published (Approved)
Published: May 2014
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8359

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A) is a key enzyme in anaerobic respiration that is predominantly found in skeletal muscle and catalyses the reversible conversion of pyruvate to lactate in the presence of NADH. LDH-A is overexpressed in many tumours and has therefore emerged as an attractive target for anticancer drug discovery. Crystal structures of human LDH-A in the presence of inhibitors have been described, but currently no structures of the apo or binary NADH-bound forms are available for any mammalian LDH-A. Here, the apo structure of human LDH-A was solved at a resolution of 2.1 Å in space group P4122. The active-site loop adopts an open conformation and the packing and crystallization conditions suggest that the crystal form is suitable for soaking experiments. The soaking potential was assessed with the cofactor NADH, which yielded a ligand-bound crystal structure in the absence of any inhibitors. The structures show that NADH binding induces small conformational changes in the active-site loop and an adjacent helix. A comparison with other eukaryotic apo LDH structures reveals the conservation of intra-loop interactions. The structures provide novel insight into cofactor binding and provide the foundation for soaking experiments with fragments and inhibitors.

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials


Instruments: I04-1-Macromolecular Crystallography (fixed wavelength)

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mn5051.pdf

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