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Relationships between structural and electrical properties in mixed conductors duplex materials in the ZrO2-Y2O3-TiO2 ternary system

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.094101 DOI Help

Authors: S. Diaz-Moreno (Diamond Light Source) , R. Boada (CSIC—Universidad de Zaragoza) , M. T. Colomer (Instituto de Cerámica y Vidrio) , M. Maczka (Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences) , J. Chaboy (CSIC—Universidad de Zaragoza)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Physical Review B , VOL 89 (9)

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2014

Abstract: Duplex materials constituted by 0.50 mol titania-doped yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and 0.50 mol titania-doped yttria-tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline (YTZP) solid solutions in the ZrO2-Y2O3-TiO2 ternary system can be obtained using different processing strategies. In this study, different amounts of TiO2 dopant and different sintering times have been used for the preparation of the duplex materials: Doping YSZ with 10 mol% of TiO2 and sintering in air for 8 h (10Ti8h) and doping YSZ with 15 mol% of TiO2 and sintering in air for 2 h (15Ti2h) are both successful routes to obtain duplex materials. If we compare the field emission scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray analyses of each cubic and each tetragonal solid solution of the two duplex materials, we conclude that the composition of each phase is different from each other, as was expected. The total ionic conductivity of both duplex samples is strongly reduced with respect to that of YSZ, and this reduction increases with the Ti content. In addition, the activation energy for ionic migration in 10Ti8h and 15Ti2h is lower than that for YSZ but higher than that for YTZP, as expected in terms of the relative amount of both YSZ and YTZP fractions in the materials. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) results, both x-ray absorption near-edge structure and extended x-ray absorption fine structure, show that Ti is sixfold coordinated in both the cubic and tetragonal phases of the duplex materials, departing from the eightfold coordination expected if a simple substitution at the Zr sites would take place. The XAS results also point out that the ability of Ti to trap oxygen vacancies in the cubic phase increases as Ti content does, in agreement with the electrical conductivity behavior, which cannot be accounted for in terms of a dilution effect.

Subject Areas: Materials, Physics

Instruments: I20-Scanning-X-ray spectroscopy (XAS/XES)

Added On: 25/03/2015 12:21

Discipline Tags:

Physics Materials Science

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES)