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Operando characterization of intermediates produced in a lithium-sulfur battery

DOI: 10.1149/2.0081507jes DOI Help

Authors: Yelena Gorlin (TU Munich) , Armin Siebel (TU Munich) , Piana Piana (TU Munich) , Thomas Huthwelker (Paul Scherrer Institute, Swiss Light Source) , Himendra Jha (Technische Universität München) , Georg Monsch (Philipps-Universität Marburg) , Florian Kraus (Philipps-Universität Marburg) , Hubert A. Gasteiger (Technische Universität München) , Moniek Tromp (Technische Universität München)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of The Electrochemical Society , VOL 162 (7) , PAGES A1146 - A1155

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2015
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8734

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: One of the technological barriers to electrification of transport is the insufficient storage capacity of the Li-ion batteries on which the current electric cars are based. The lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is an advanced technology whose successful commercialization can lead to significant gains in the storage capacity of batteries and promote wide-spread adoption of electric vehicles. Recently, important Li-S intermediates, including polysulfides, S3•-, and Li2S, have been shown to present unique X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) features at the sulfur K-edge. As a result, a combination of XANES characterization with electrochemistry has the potential to contribute to the understanding of Li-S chemistry. In this study, we present an operando XANES cell design, benchmark its electrochemical and spectroscopic performance, and use it to track reaction intermediates during the discharge of the battery. In particular, by employing electrolyte solvents with either a high or a low dielectric constant, we investigate the influence of the solvent on the conversion of polysulfide species to Li2S. Our results reveal that Li2S is already formed after ∼25–30% discharge in both types of electrolyte solvents, but that further conversion of polysulfides to Li2S proceeds more rapidly in a solvent with a low dielectric constant.

Diamond Keywords: Batteries; Lithium-ion

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Energy, Materials

Instruments: I18-Microfocus Spectroscopy

Other Facilities: PHOENIX at SLS

Added On: 08/04/2015 12:01

Discipline Tags:

Energy Storage Energy Physical Chemistry Energy Materials Chemistry Materials Science

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES)