Article Metrics


Online attention

Uranium scavenging during mineral replacement reactions

DOI: 10.2138/am-2015-5125 DOI Help

Authors: Kan Li (The University of Adelaide) , Allan Prang (South Australian Museum) , Barbara Etschmann (The University of Adelaide) , Edeltraud Macmillan (The University of Adelaide) , Yung Ngothai (The University of Adelaide, Australia) , Brian O'Neill (The University of Adelaide, Australia) , Anthony Hooker (The University of Adelaide, Australia) , Fred Mosselmans (Diamond Light Source) , Joel Brugger (Monash University)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: American Mineralogist , VOL 100 (8-9) , PAGES 1728-1735

State: Published (Approved)
Published: August 2015
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8522

Abstract: Interface coupled dissolution-reprecipitation reactions (ICDR) are a common feature of fluid-rock interaction during crustal fluid flow. We tested the hypothesis that ICDR reactions can play a key role in scavenging minor elements by exploring the fate of U during the experimental sulfidation of hematite to chalcopyrite under hydrothermal conditions (220–300 °C). The experiments where U was added, either as solid UO2+x(s) or as a soluble uranyl complex, differed from the U-free experiments in that pyrite precipitated initially, before the onset of chalcopyrite precipitation. In addition, in UO2+x(s)-bearing experiments, enhanced hematite dissolution led to increased porosity and precipitation of pyrite+magnetite within the hematite core, whereas in uranyl nitrate-bearing experiments, abundant pyrite formed initially, before being replaced by chalcopyrite. Uranium scavenging was mainly associated with the early reaction stage (pyrite precipitation), resulting in a thin U-rich line marking the original hematite grain surface. This “line” consists of nanocrystals of UO2+x(s), based on chemical mapping and XANES spectroscopy. This study shows that the presence of minor components can affect the pathway of ICDR reactions. Reactions between U- and Cu-bearing fluids and hematite can explain the Cu-U association prominent in some iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG) deposits.

Journal Keywords: Uranium; Scavenging; Iocg Deposits; Experiment; Sulfidation Reaction; Interface Coupled Dissolution-Reprecipitation Reactions

Subject Areas: Earth Science, Environment, Chemistry

Instruments: I18-Microfocus Spectroscopy

Added On: 06/08/2015 16:17

Discipline Tags:

Earth Sciences & Environment Mineralogy Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Geology Geochemistry

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES)