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Hydrophobic Nanoparticles Promote Lamellar to Inverted Hexagonal Transition in Phospholipid Mesophases

DOI: 10.1039/C5SM01705J DOI Help
PMID: 26391613 PMID Help

Authors: Jennifer Bulpett (University of Bristol) , Tim Snow (University of Bristol) , Benoit Quignon (University of Bristol) , Charlotte Beddoes (University of Bristol) , Dora Tang (University of Bristol) , Stephen Mann (University of Bristol) , Olga Shebanova (Diamond Light Source) , Claire Pizzey (Diamond Light Source) , Nicholas Terrill (Diamond Light Source) , Sean A Davis (University of Bristol) , Wuge Briscoe (University of Bristol)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Soft Matter

State: Published (Approved)
Published: September 2015
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 6137 , 6873 , 7215

Abstract: This study focuses on how the mesophase transition behaviour of the phospholipid dioleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) is altered by the presence of 10 nm hydrophobic and 14 nm hydrophilic silica nanoparticles (NPs) at different concentrations. The lamellar to inverted hexagonal phase transition (Lα-HII) of phospholipids is energetically analogous to the membrane fusion process, therefore understanding the Lα-HII transition with nanoparticulate additives is relevant to how membrane fusion may be affected by these additives, in this case the silica NPs. The overriding observation is that the HII/Lα boundaries in the DOPE p-T phase diagram were shifted by the presence of NPs: the hydrophobic NPs enlarged the HII phase region and thus encouraged the inverted hexagonal (HII) phase to occur at lower temperatures, whilst hydrophilic NPs appeared to stabilise the Lα phase region. This effect was also NP-concentration dependent, with a more pronounced effect for higher concentration of the hydrophobic NPs, but the trend was less clear cut for the hydrophilic NPs. There was no evidence that the NPs were intercalated into the mesophases, and as such it was likely that they might have undergone microphase separation and resided at the mesophase domain boundaries. Whilst the loci and exact roles of the NPs invite further investigation, we tentatively discuss these results in terms of both the surface chemistry of the NPs and the effect of their curvature on the elastic bending energy considerations during the mesophase transition.

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I22-Small angle scattering & Diffraction