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Crystal structure of R-spondin 2 in complex with the ectodomains of its receptors LGR5 and ZNRF3

DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2015.05.008 DOI Help
PMID: 26123262 PMID Help

Authors: Matthias Zebisch (University of Oxford) , E. Yvonne Jones (University of Oxford)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Structural Biology , VOL 191 (2) , PAGES 149 - 155

State: Published (Approved)
Published: August 2015
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8423 , 10627

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: The four secreted R-spondin (Rspo1-4) proteins of vertebrates function as stem cell growth factors and potentiate canonical Wnt signalling. Rspo proteins act by cross-linking members of two cell surface receptor families, complexing the stem cell markers LGR4-6 with the Frizzled-specific E3 ubiquitin ligases ZNRF3/RNF43. The consequent internalisation of the ternary LGR–Rspo–E3 complex removes the E3 ligase activity, which otherwise targets the Wnt receptor Frizzled for degradation, and thus enhances Wnt signalling. Multiple combinations of LGR4-6, Rspo1-4 and ZNRF3/RNF43 are possible, implying the existence of generic interaction determinants, but also of specific differences in complex architecture and activity. We present here a high resolution crystal structure of an ectodomain variant of human LGR5 (hLGR5ecto) complexed with a signalling competent fragment of mouse Rspo2 (mRspo2Fu1-Fu2). The structure shows that the particularly potent Rspo2 ligand engages LGR5 in a fashion almost identical to that reported for hRSPO1. Comparison of our hLGR5ecto structure with previously published structures highlights a surprising plasticity of the LGR ectodomains, characterised by a nearly 9° or larger rotation of the N-terminal half of the horseshoe-like fold relative to the C-terminal half. We also report a low resolution hLGR5–mRspo2Fu1-Fu2–mZNRF3ecto ternary complex structure. This crystal structure confirms our previously suggested hypothesis, showing that Rspo proteins cross-link LGRs and ZNRF3 into a 2:2:2 complex, whereas a 1:1:1 complex is formed with RNF43.

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I04-Macromolecular Crystallography

Added On: 23/09/2015 12:17

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