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Enhancement of CO2 Adsorption and Catalytic Properties by Fe-Doping of [Ga2(OH)2(L)] (H4L = Biphenyl-3,3′,5,5′-tetracarboxylic Acid), MFM-300(Ga2)

DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02108 DOI Help
PMID: 26757137 PMID Help

Authors: Cristina Perez Krap (University of Nottingham) , Ruth Newby (University of Nottingham) , Amarajothi Dhakshinamoorthy (Universidad Politecnica de Valencia) , Hermenegildo García (Universidad Politecnica de Valencia) , Izabela Cebula (University of Nottingham; University of Strathclyde) , Timothy Easun (University of Nottingham) , Mathew Savage (University of Nottingham) , Jennifer E. Eyley (School of Chemistry, University of Manchester) , Shian Gao (University of Leicester) , Alexander J. Blake (University of Nottingham) , William Lewis (University of Nottingham) , Peter H. Beton (University of Nottingham) , Mark Warren (Diamond Light Source) , David R. Allan (Diamond Light Source) , Mark D. Frogley (Diamond Light Source) , Chiu C. Tang (Diamond Light Source) , Gianfelice Cinque (Diamond Light Source) , Sihai Yang (University of Manchester) , Martin Schroeder (Structural Genomic Consortium, Oxford; University of Manchester)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Inorganic Chemistry , VOL 55 (3)

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2016
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8618 , 8943 , 7548 , 8448 , 8937 , 11279

Abstract: Metal−organic frameworks (MOFs) are usually synthesized using a single type of metal ion, and MOFs containing mixtures of different metal ions are of great interest and represent a methodology to enhance and tune materials properties. We report the synthesis of [Ga2(OH)2(L)] (H4L = biphenyl-3,3′,5,5′-tetracarboxylic acid), designated as MFM- 300(Ga2), (MFM = Manchester Framework Material replacing NOTT designation), by solvothermal reaction of Ga(NO3)3 and H4L in a mixture of DMF, THF, and water containing HCl for 3 days. MFM-300(Ga2) crystallizes in the tetragonal space group I4122, a = b = 15.0174(7) Å and c = 11.9111(11) Å and is isostructural with the Al(III) analogue MFM-300(Al2) with pores decorated with −OH groups bridging Ga(III) centers. The isostructural Fe-doped material [Ga1.87Fe0.13(OH)2(L)], MFM-300(Ga1.87Fe0.13), can be prepared under similar conditions to MFM-300(Ga2) via reaction of a homogeneous mixture of Fe(NO3)3 and Ga(NO3)3 with biphenyl-3,3′,5,5′-tetracarboxylic acid. An Fe(III)-based material [Fe3O1.5(OH)(HL)(L)0.5(H2O)3.5], MFM-310(Fe), was synthesized with Fe(NO3)3 and the same ligand via hydrothermal methods. [MFM-310(Fe)] crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pmn21 with a = 10.560(4) Å, b = 19.451(8) Å, and c = 11.773(5) Å and incorporates μ3-oxo-centered trinuclear iron cluster nodes connected by ligands to give a 3D nonporous framework that has a different structure to the MFM-300 series. Thus, Fe-doping can be used to monitor the effects of the heteroatom center within a parent Ga(III) framework without the requirement of synthesizing the isostructural Fe(III) analogue [Fe2(OH)2(L)], MFM-300(Fe2), which we have thus far been unable to prepare. Fe-doping of MFM- 300(Ga2) affords positive effects on gas adsorption capacities, particularly for CO2 adsorption, whereby MFM-300(Ga1.87Fe0.13) shows a 49% enhancement of CO2 adsorption capacity in comparison to the homometallic parent material. We thus report herein the highest CO2 uptake (2.86 mmol g−1 at 273 K at 1 bar) for a Ga-based MOF. The single-crystal X-ray structures of MFM-300(Ga2)-solv, MFM-300(Ga2), MFM-300(Ga2)·2.35CO2, MFM-300(Ga1.87Fe0.13)-solv, MFM-300(Ga1.87Fe0.13), and MFM-300(Ga1.87Fe0.13)· 2.0CO2 have been determined. Most notably, in situ single-crystal diffraction studies of gas-loaded materials have revealed that Fe-doping has a significant impact on the molecular details for CO2 binding in the pore, with the bridging M−OH hydroxyl groups being preferred binding sites for CO2 within these framework materials. In situ synchrotron IR spectroscopic measurements on CO2 binding with respect to the −OH groups in the pore are consistent with the above structural analyses. In addition, we found that, compared to MFM-300(Ga2), Fe-doped MFM-300(Ga1.87Fe0.13) shows improved catalytic properties for the ring-opening reaction of styrene oxide, but similar activity for the room-temperature acetylation of benzaldehyde by methanol. The role of Fe-doping in these systems is discussed as a mechanism for enhancing porosity and the structural integrity of the parent material.

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Energy, Materials

Instruments: B22-Multimode InfraRed imaging And Microspectroscopy , I11-High Resolution Powder Diffraction , I19-Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction