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Analysis of two Schistosoma mansoni Uridine Phosphorylases isoforms suggests the emergence of a protein with a non-canonical function

DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2016.02.007 DOI Help
PMID: 26898674 PMID Help

Authors: Antônio Marinho Da Silva Neto (São Paulo University) , Juliana Roberta Torini De Souza (São Paulo University) , Larissa Romanelo (São Paulo University) , Alexandre Cassago (CNPEN) , Vitor Hugo Balasco Serrão (São Paulo University) , Ricardo Demarco (São Paulo University) , José Brandão-neto (Diamond Light Source) , Richard Charles Garratt (São Paulo University) , Humberto D’ Muniz Pereira (São Paulo University)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Biochimie , VOL 125 , PAGES 12–22

State: Published (Approved)
Published: June 2016

Abstract: Reports of Schistosoma mansoni strains resistant to praziquantel, the only therapeutic strategy available for the treatment of schistosomiasis, have motivated the scientific community towards the search for new possible therapies. Biochemical characterization of the parasite's metabolism is an essential component for the rational development of new therapeutic alternatives. One of the so far uncharacterized enzymes is uridine phosphorylase (UP) (EC, for which the parasite genome presents two isoforms (SmUPa and SmUPb) that share 92% sequence identity. In this paper, we present crystal structures for SmUPa and SmUPb in their free states as well as bound to different ligands. This we have complemented by enzyme kinetic characterization and phylogenetic analyses. Both enzymes present an overall fold and active site structure similar to other known UPs. The kinetic analyses showed conclusively that SmUPa is a regular uridine phosphorylase but by contrast SmUPb presented no detectable activity. This is particularly noteworthy given the high level of sequence identity between the two isoforms and is probably the result of the significant differences observed for SmUPb in the vicinity of the active site itself, suggesting that it is not a UP at all. On the other hand, it was not possible to identify an alternative function for SmUPb, although our phylogenetic analyses and expression data suggest that SmUPb is still functional and plays a role in parasite metabolism. The unusual UPb isoform may open up new opportunities for understanding unique features of S. mansoni metabolism.

Journal Keywords: Schistosoma mansoni; Uridine Phosphorylase; X-ray Crystallography; isoforms; pyrimidine metabolism

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Technical Areas: