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‘Venus trapped, Mars transits': Cu and Fe redox chemistry, cellular topography and in situ ligand binding in terrestrial isopod hepatopancreas

DOI: 10.1098/rsob.150270 DOI Help

Authors: P. Kille (Cardiff University) , A. J. Morgan (Cardiff University) , K. Powell (Cardiff University) , J. F. W. Mosselmans (Diamond Light Source) , D. Hart (Cardiff University) , P. Gunning (Smith and Nephew, York) , A. Hayes (Cardiff University) , D. Scarborough (Cardiff University) , I. Mcdonald (Cardiff University) , John Charnock (University of Manchester)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Open Biology , VOL 6

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2016
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 7837

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Woodlice efficiently sequester copper (Cu) in ‘cuprosomes' within hepatopancreatic ‘S' cells. Binuclear ‘B’ cells in the hepatopancreas form iron (Fe) deposits; these cells apparently undergo an apocrine secretory diurnal cycle linked to nocturnal feeding. Synchrotron-based µ-focus X-ray spectroscopy undertaken on thin sections was used to characterize the ligands binding Cu and Fe in S and B cells of Oniscus asellus (Isopoda). Main findings were: (i) morphometry confirmed a diurnal B-cell apocrine cycle; (ii) X-ray fluorescence (XRF) mapping indicated that Cu was co-distributed with sulfur (mainly in S cells), and Fe was co-distributed with phosphate (mainly in B cells); (iii) XRF mapping revealed an intimate morphological relationship between the basal regions of adjacent S and B cells; (iv) molecular modelling and Fourier transform analyses indicated that Cu in the reduced Cu+ state is mainly coordinated to thiol-rich ligands (Cu–S bond length 2.3 Å) in both cell types, while Fe in the oxidized Fe3+ state is predominantly oxygen coordinated (estimated Fe–O bond length of approx. 2 Å), with an outer shell of Fe scatterers at approximately 3.05 Å; and (v) no significant differences occur in Cu or Fe speciation at key nodes in the apocrine cycle. Findings imply that S and B cells form integrated unit-pairs; a functional role for secretions from these cellular units in the digestion of recalcitrant dietary components is hypothesized.

Journal Keywords: Iron; copper; speciation; m-focus; synchrotron; isopod

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I18-Microfocus Spectroscopy