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Comparisons with amyloid-β reveal an aspartate residue that stabilizes fibrils of the aortic amyloid peptide medin

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.602177 DOI Help

Authors: Hannah A. Davies (University of Liverpool) , Jill Madine (University of Liverpool) , David Middleton (Lancaster University)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Biological Chemistry , VOL 290 , PAGES 7791 - 7803

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2015

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Aortic medial amyloid (AMA) is the most common localized human amyloid, occurring in virtually all of the Caucasian population over the age of 50. The main protein component of AMA, medin, readily assembles into amyloid-like fibrils in vitro. Despite the prevalence of AMA, little is known about the self-assembly mechanism of medin or the molecular architecture of the fibrils. The amino acid sequence of medin is strikingly similar to the sequence of the Alzheimer disease (AD) amyloid-β (Aβ) polypeptides around the structural turn region of Aβ, where mutations associated with familial, early onset AD, have been identified. Asp25 and Lys30 of medin align with residues Asp23 and Lys28 of Aβ, which are known to form a stabilizing salt bridge in some fibril morphologies. Here we show that substituting Asp25 of medin with asparagine (D25N) impedes assembly into fibrils and stabilizes non-cytotoxic oligomers. Wild-type medin, by contrast, aggregates into β-sheet-rich amyloid-like fibrils within 50 h. A structural analysis of wild-type fibrils by solid-state NMR suggests a molecular repeat unit comprising at least two extended β-strands, separated by a turn stabilized by a Asp25-Lys30 salt bridge. We propose that Asp25 drives the assembly of medin by stabilizing the fibrillar conformation of the peptide and is thus reminiscent of the influence of Asp23 on the aggregation of Aβ. Pharmacological comparisons of wild-type medin and D25N will help to ascertain the pathological significance of this poorly understood protein.

Journal Keywords: Amyloid; Amyloid-beta (AB); Homology Modeling; Protein Misfolding; Protein Structure; Site-directed Mutagenesis; Dipolar Assisted Rotational Resonance; Rotational Echo Double Resonance; Salt Bridge; Solid-state NMR;

Diamond Keywords: Alzheimer's Disease

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: B23-Circular Dichroism

Added On: 09/03/2016 12:14


Discipline Tags:

Neurodegenerative Diseases Health & Wellbeing Neurology Biophysics Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy Circular Dichroism (CD)