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Analysis of azimuthal-angle scans in resonant x-ray Bragg diffraction and parity even and odd atomic multipoles in the multiferroic modification of the terbium manganate TbMnO3

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.035111 DOI Help

Authors: Valerio Scagnoli (Paul Scherrer Institut) , Stephen Lovesey (Diamond Light Source)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Physical Review B , VOL 79 (3)

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2009

Abstract: We present a theoretical analysis of resonant x-ray Bragg diffraction data from multiferroic TbMnO3 presented by Mannix [Phys. Rev. B 76, 184420 (2007)] and Voigt [Phys. Rev. B 76, 104431 (2007)]. We have chosen an approach that does not rely on knowledge of the low-temperature phase space group of the sample, which is not precisely known. Results show that the low-temperature satellite reflections originate from dipole-dipole (E1-E1) and dipole-quadrupole (E1-E2) events. Presence on quadrupole-quadrupole (E2-E2) events can be excluded. The physical origin of the data is discussed in terms of atomic multipoles (expectation value of an operator equivalent) that represent magnetization, lattice distortions, and magnetoelectric properties of the Tb and Mn ions. A handed (chiral) cycloid of atomic multipoles, traced out in the b-c plane, is shown to be a plausible model of the Tb electron structure within a multiferroic modification that exists in the temperature interval 7 K < T < 28 K. Appendixes A x B x C x D x E x F record universal expressions for unit-cell structure factors appropriate to all four polarization channels (sigma(')-sigma,sigma(')-pi,pi(')-sigma,pi(')-pi) of E1-E1, E1-E2, and E2-E2 resonance events.

Subject Areas: Technique Development

Technical Areas: Theoretical Physics

Added On: 26/04/2010 14:16

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