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Electrochemical recycling of lead from hybrid organic–inorganic perovskites using deep eutectic solvents

DOI: 10.1039/C5GC02734A DOI Help

Authors: Christopher G Poll (Imperial College London) , Geoffrey Nelson (Imperial College London) , David M Pickup (University of Kent) , Alan V Chadwick (University of Kent) , Jason Riley (Imperial College London) , David Payne (Imperial College London)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Green Chemistry , VOL 18 , PAGES 2946-2955

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2016
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 12198

Abstract: The emerging field of lead-based hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite (HOIP) photovoltaic devices has attracted a great deal of attention due to their very high conversion efficiencies and straightforward fabrication methods. Unfortunately a major obstacle to commercialization remains the high toxicity of lead. Whilst to date the focus has been on understanding and improving device performance, there has been no reported effort to develop methods to recover and recycle the lead from these materials. In this work we demonstrate a simple, low-cost and environmentally friendly method of recycling lead from HOIP photovoltaics by dissolution and selective electrodeposition using a deep eutectic solvent. We demonstrate that up to 99.8% of the lead is removed from the solvent. The results presented here provide a viable solution to lead-based HOIP photovoltaic recycling, and also open the possibility for providing an alternative method to conventional smelting in the recovery and recycling of different lead-based energy materials.

Diamond Keywords: Photovoltaics; Semiconductors

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials, Energy

Instruments: B18-Core EXAFS

Added On: 31/03/2016 10:41

Discipline Tags:

Earth Sciences & Environment Sustainable Energy Systems Energy Climate Change Physical Chemistry Energy Materials Chemistry Materials Science Perovskites Metallurgy

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS)