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Iron accumulates in the primate choroid of the eye with aging as revealed with synchrotron X-ray fluorescence microscopy

DOI: 10.1039/C6MT00125D DOI Help

Authors: Marta Ugarte (NIHR Biomedical Research Centre , Moorfields Eye hospital and UCL Institute of Ophthalmolog) , Tina Geraki (Diamond Light Source) , Glen Jeffery (NIHR Biomedical Research Centre , Moorfields Eye hospital and UCL Institute of Ophthalmolog)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Metallomics

State: Published (Approved)
Published: August 2016
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 11372 , 12446

Abstract: Aging leads to an increase in iron-loaded cellular structures in the choroid of the eye. This study was carried out to determine the distribution and content of iron, zinc and copper in the macular retina, choroid and retrobulbar optic nerve of young (4-5 years, n=3) and aged (15-16 years, n=5) male non-human primates, Macaca fascicularis, whose ocular anatomy is similar to humans. Thirty-┬Ám-thick tissue sections were analysed with synchrotron X-ray fluorescence and stained histologically for iron deposition. Quantitative measurements showed high levels of iron, zinc and copper in the choroid and retinal pigment epithelium in the macular area and arachnoid layer in the retrobulbar optic nerve. In aged animals compared to young ones, there was an increase in iron in the choroid with larger deposits and and iron-loaded cellular structures. Iron-accumulation within these cellular structures may contribute to choroidal function impairment in aging and age-related macular degeneration.

Journal Keywords: SXRF, retina, trace metals, choroid, macula, primate, aging, age-related macular degeneration

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Medicine


Instruments: B16-Test Beamline , I18-Microfocus Spectroscopy