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Reticular synthesis of porous molecular 1D nanotubes and 3D networks

DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2663 DOI Help

Authors: A. G. Slater (University of Liverpool) , M. A. Little (University of Liverpool) , A. Pulido (University of Southampton) , S. Y. Chong (University of Liverpool) , D. Holden (University of Liverpool) , L. Chen (University of Liverpool) , C. Morgan (University of Liverpool) , X. Wu (University of Liverpool) , G. Cheng (University of Liverpool) , R. Clowes (University of Liverpool) , M. E. Briggs (University of Liverpool) , T. Hasell (University of Liverpool) , K. E. Jelfs (Imperial College London) , G. M. Day (University of Southampton) , A. I. Cooper (University of Liverpool)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Nature Chemistry

State: Published (Approved)
Published: November 2016
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8728 , 11231 , 12336

Abstract: Synthetic control over pore size and pore connectivity is the crowning achievement for porous metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). The same level of control has not been achieved for molecular crystals, which are not defined by strong, directional intermolecular coordination bonds. Hence, molecular crystallization is inherently less controllable than framework crystallization, and there are fewer examples of ‘reticular synthesis’, in which multiple building blocks can be assembled according to a common assembly motif. Here we apply a chiral recognition strategy to a new family of tubular covalent cages to create both 1D porous nanotubes and 3D diamondoid pillared porous networks. The diamondoid networks are analogous to MOFs prepared from tetrahedral metal nodes and linear ditopic organic linkers. The crystal structures can be rationalized by computational lattice-energy searches, which provide an in silico screening method to evaluate candidate molecular building blocks. These results are a blueprint for applying the ‘node and strut’ principles of reticular synthesis to molecular crystals.

Journal Keywords: Crystal engineering, materials chemistry, molecular capsules, self-assembly, structure prediction

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials

Instruments: I11-High Resolution Powder Diffraction , I19-Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction

Other Facilities: ALS