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Ray-tracing simulation of parabolic compound refractive lenses

DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2007.03.017 DOI Help

Authors: L. Alianelli (Diamond Light Source) , M. Sánchez Del Río (Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy , VOL 62 , PAGES 593 - 597

State: Published (Approved)
Published: July 2007

Abstract: X-ray compound refractive lenses (CRL) are becoming a widespread tool for the generation of microfocus spot sizes at synchrotron beamlines. The calculation of their performance by means of ray-tracing is useful for a rapid estimation of flux, resolution and focusing properties achievable in a beamline, when other optics are present, or simply to study the lens acceptance and focusing in the presence of a particular bending magnet, wiggler or undulator X-ray source. The ray-tracing method presented in this paper has been used to calculate the efficiency of beryllium CRL's using, for the instrument layout, realistic source size and divergence, and usual optics like perfect crystal monochromators. It is shown that the intensity transmitted by the lens, the effective aperture and the gain are in good agreement with analytical formulas. Additional information provided when running the program are the precise shape of beam at the focus, and at any position along the optical axis. For instance the intensity distribution at the CRL entrance and exit planes allows a comparison between the effective and the geometrical apertures. Finally, the method provides a precise value for the lens focal distance, which depends on the CRL length.

Journal Keywords: X-Rays ; Microfocusing Optics ; Refractive Lenses ; Ray-Tracing ;

Subject Areas: Physics


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