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Lithium-ion conductivity in Li 6 Y(BO 3 ) 3 : a thermally and electrochemically robust solid electrolyte

DOI: 10.1039/C5TA09436D DOI Help

Authors: Beatriz Lopez-bermudez (University of Southern California) , Wolfgang G. Zeier (University of Southern California) , Shiliang Zhou (University of Southern California) , Anna J. Lehner (University of California) , Jerry Hu (University of California) , David O. Scanlon (University College London; Diamond Light Source) , Benjamin J. Morgan (University of Bath) , Brent C. Melot (University of Southern California)
Co-authored by industrial partner: Yes

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: J. Mater. Chem. A , VOL 4 , PAGES 6972 - 6979

State: Published (Approved)
Published: February 2016

Abstract: The development of new frameworks for solid electrolytes exhibiting fast Li-ion diffusion is critical for enabling new energy storage technologies. Here, we present a combined experimental and computational investigation into the ionic conductivity of Li6Y(BO3)3, a new class of solid electrolytes with a pseudo-layered structure. Temperature-dependent impedance spectroscopy shows the pristine material exhibits an ionic conductivity of 2.2 × 10−3 S cm−1 around 400 °C, despite the fact that density functional theory calculations point to multiple remarkably low-energy diffusion pathways. Our calculations indicate small energy barriers for lithium interstitials to diffuse along one-dimensional channels oriented in the c-direction, and also for lithium vacancies diffusing within ac planes. This coexistence of diffusion mechanisms indicates that Li6Y(BO3)3 is an extremely versatile host for exploring and understanding mechanisms for lithium-ion conductivity. We also find no evidence for reactivity with moisture in the atmosphere and that the material appears electrochemically stable when in direct contact with metallic lithium. This robust stability, alongside ionic conductivity that can be manipulated through appropriate aliovalent substitution, make Li6Y(BO3)3 an exceptionally promising new class of solid electrolyte.

Subject Areas: Materials, Chemistry

Technical Areas: