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Neutron scattering by Dirac multipoles

DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aa5ad8 DOI Help

Authors: S. W. Lovesey (ISIS Facility; Diamond Light Source) , D. D. Khalyavin (ISIS Facility)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Physics: Condensed Matter , VOL 29

State: Published (Approved)
Published: June 2017

Abstract: Scattering by magnetic charge formed by Dirac multipoles that are magnetic and polar is examined in the context of materials with properties that challenge conventional concepts. An order parameter composed of Dirac quadrupoles has been revealed in the pseudo-gap phase of ceramic, high-T c superconductors on the basis of Kerr effect and magnetic neutron Bragg diffraction measurements. Construction of Dirac quadrupoles that emerge from centrosymmetric sites used by Cu ions in the ceramic superconductor Hg1201 is illustrated, together with selection rules for excitations that will feature in neutron inelastic scattering, and RIXS experiments. We report magnetic scattering amplitudes for diffraction by polar multipoles that have universal value, because they are not specific to ceramic superconductors. To illustrate this attribute, we consider neutron Bragg diffraction from a magnetically ordered iridate (Sr2IrO4) and discuss shortcomings in published interpretations of diffraction data.

Journal Keywords: Dirac multipoles; magnetic neutron diffraction; high Tc superconductors

Subject Areas: Physics

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Added On: 26/04/2017 12:20

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