Article Metrics


Online attention

The Molecular Mechanism of Substrate Recognition and Catalysis of the Membrane Acyltransferase PatA from Mycobacteria

DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.7b00578 DOI Help

Authors: Montse Tersa (CIC bioGUNE) , Lluís Raich (Universitat de Barcelona) , David Albesa-jove (CIC bioGUNE; Unidad de Biofísica; Universidad del País Vasco; IKERBASQUE) , Beatriz Trastoy (CIC bioGUNE) , Jacques Prandi (Université de Toulouse) , Martine Gilleron (Université de Toulouse) , Carme Rovira (Universitat de Barcelona; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA)) , Marcelo Guerin (CIC bioGUNE; Unidad de Biofísica; Universidad del País Vasco; IKERBASQUE)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acs Chemical Biology

State: Published (Approved)
Published: November 2017
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 15304

Abstract: Glycolipids play a central role in a variety of important biological processes in all living organisms. PatA is a membrane acyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of phosphatidyl-myo-inositol mannosides (PIMs), key structural elements and virulence factors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. PatA catalyzes the transfer of a palmitoyl moiety from palmitoyl-CoA to the 6-position of the mannose ring linked to the 2-position of inositol in PIM1/PIM2. We report here the crystal structure of PatA in the presence of 6-O-palmitoyl-α-D-mannopyranoside, unraveling the acceptor binding mechanism. The acceptor mannose ring localizes in a cavity at the end of a surface-exposed, long groove where the active site is located, whereas the palmitate moiety accommodates into a hydrophobic pocket deeply buried in the α/β core of the protein. Both fatty acyl chains of the PIM2 acceptor are essential for the reaction to take place, highlighting their critical role in the generation of a competent active site. By the use of combined structural and quantum-mechanics/molecular-mechanics (QM/MM) metadynamics we unravel the catalytic mechanism of PatA at the atomic-electronic level. Our study provides a detailed structural rationale for a stepwise reaction, with the generation of a tetrahedral transition state for the rate-determining step. Finally, the crystal structure of PatA in the presence of β-D-mannopyranose and palmitate suggest an inhibitory mechanism for the enzyme, providing exciting possibilities for inhibitor design and the discovery of chemotherapeutic agents against this major human pathogen.

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Biology and Bio-materials, Medicine

Instruments: I03-Macromolecular Crystallography