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Considerations for Sample Preparation Using Size-Exclusion Chromatography for Home and Synchrotron Sources

DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-6038-0_3 DOI Help

Authors: Robert P. Rambo (Diamond Light Source)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Book Chapter
ISBN: 978-981-10-6038-0
Book Chapter: 3

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2017

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: The success of a SAXS experiment for structural investigations depends on two precise measurements, the sample and the buffer background. Buffer matching between the sample and background can be achieved using dialysis methods but in biological SAXS of monodisperse systems, sample preparation is routinely being performed with size exclusion chromatography (SEC). SEC is the most reliable method for SAXS sample preparation as the method not only purifies the sample for SAXS but also almost guarantees ideal buffer matching. Here, I will highlight the use of SEC for SAXS sample preparation and demonstrate using example proteins that SEC purification does not always provide for ideal samples. Scrutiny of the SEC elution peak using quasi-elastic and multi-angle light scattering techniques can reveal hidden features (heterogeneity) of the sample that should be considered during SAXS data analysis. In some cases, sample heterogeneity can be controlled using a small molecule additive and I outline a simple additive screening method for sample preparation.

Journal Keywords: SEC; MALS; QELS; Total scattered intensity; Additives; Stability; Aggregation; Monodispersity; Sucrose; Phosphate

Subject Areas: Technique Development, Physics

Technical Areas: Data acquisition