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Contrasting Effects of Energy Transfer in Determining Efficiency Improvements in Ternary Polymer Solar Cells

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201704212 DOI Help

Authors: Wei Li (Wuhan University of Technology) , Yu Yan (Wuhan University of Technology) , Yanyan Gong (Wuhan University of Technology) , Jinlong Cai (Wuhan University of Technology) , Feilong Cai (Wuhan University of Technology) , Robert S. Gurney (Wuhan University of Technology) , Dan Liu (Wuhan University of Technology) , Andrew J. Pearson (University of Cambridge) , David G. Lidzey (University of Sheffield) , Tao Wang (Wuhan University of Technology)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Advanced Functional Materials , VOL 25

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2017
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 14701

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Crystallizable, high-mobility conjugated polymers have been employed as secondary donor materials in ternary polymer solar cells in order to improve device efficiency by broadening their spectral response range and enhancing charge dissociation and transport. Here, contrasting effects of two crystallizable polymers, namely, PffBT4T-2OD and PDPP2TBT, in determining the efficiency improvements in PTB7-Th:PC71BM host blends are demonstrated. A notable power conversion efficiency of 11% can be obtained by introducing 10% PffBT4T-2OD (relative to PTB7-Th), while the efficiency of PDPP2TBT-incorporated ternary devices decreases dramatically despite an enhancement in hole mobility and light absorption. Blend morphology studies suggest that both PffBT4T-2OD and PDPP2TBT are well dissolved within the host PTB7-Th phase and facilitate an increased degree of phase separation between polymer and fullerene domains. While negligible charge transfer is determined in binary blends of each polymer mixture, effective energy transfer is identified from PffBT4T-2OD to PTB7-Th that contributes to an improvement in ternary blend device efficiency. In contrast, energy transfer from PTB7-Th to PDPP2TBT worsens the efficiency of the ternary device due to inefficient charge dissociation between PDPP2TBT and PC71BM.

Journal Keywords: energy transfer; morphology; polymer solar cells; ternary solar cells

Subject Areas: Materials

Instruments: I07-Surface & interface diffraction

Other Facilities: Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (China)