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Tuning the Swing Effect by Chemical Functionalisation of Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b10897 DOI Help

Authors: Claire L. Hobday (University of Edinburgh) , Thomas D. Bennett (University of Cambridge) , David Fairen-jimenez (University of Cambridge) , Alexander J. Graham (University of Edinburgh) , Carole A. Morrison (University of Edinburgh) , David R. Allan (Diamond Light Source) , Tina Düren (University of Bath) , Stephen A. Moggach (The University of Edinburgh)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of The American Chemical Society

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2017

Abstract: Many zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) are promising candidates for use in separation technologies. Comprising large cavities interconnected by small windows they can be used, at least in principle, as molecular sieves where molecules smaller than the window size are able to diffuse into the material while larger are rejected. However, “swing effect” or “gate opening” phenomena resulting in an enlargement of the windows have proven to be detrimental. Here, we present the first systematic experimental and computational study of the effect of chemical functionalisation of the imidazole linker on the framework dynamics. Using high-pressure (HP) single-crystal X-ray diffraction, density functional theory, and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations, we show that in the isostructural ZIF-8, ZIF-90 and ZIF-65 functional groups of increasing polarity (-CH3,-CHO, -NO2) on the imidazole linkers provide control over the degree of rotation and thus the critical window diameter. On application of pressure, the substituted imidazolate rings rotate resulting in an increase in both pore volume and content. Our results show that the interplay between the guest molecules and the chemical function of the imidazole linker is essential for directing the swing effect in ZIF frameworks and therefore the adsorption performance.

Journal Keywords: Metal-organic frameworks; adsorption; porous materials; high-pressure crystallography; molecular simulation; density functional theory

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials


Instruments: I19-Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction