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Three-dimensional electronic structure of the nematic and antiferromagnetic phases of NaFeAs from detwinned angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.035134 DOI Help

Authors: Matthew D. Watson (Diamond Light Source) , Saicharan Aswartham (Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research) , Luke C. Rhodes (Diamond Light Source) , Benjamin Parrett (Diamond Light Source) , Hideaki Iwasawa (Diamond Light Source) , Moritz Hoesch (Diamond Light Source) , Igor Morozov (Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research) , Bernd Büchner (Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research) , Timur K. Kim (Diamond Light Source)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Physical Review B , VOL 97 , PAGES 035134

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2018
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 15074 , 15663 , 18218

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: We report a comprehensive angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of NaFeAs, a prototypical parent compound of the Fe-based superconductors. By mechanically detwinning the samples, we show that in the nematic phase (below the structural transition at Ts = 54 K but above the antiferromagnetic transition at TN = 43 K) spectral weight is detected on only the elliptical electron pocket along the longer a_orth axis. This dramatic anisotropy is likely to arise as a result of coupling to a fluctuating antiferromagnetic order in the nematic phase. In the long-range ordered antiferromagnetic state below TN, this single electron pocket is backfolded and hybridizes with the hole bands, leading to the reconstructed Fermi surface. By careful analysis of the kz variation, we show that the backfolding of spectral weight in the magnetic phase has a wave vector of (π,0,π), with the c-axis component being in agreement with the magnetic ordering in NaFeAs observed by neutron scattering. Our results clarify the origin of the tiny Fermi surfaces of NaFeAs at low temperatures and highlight the importance of the three-dimensional aspects of the electronic and magnetic properties of Fe-based superconductors.

Journal Keywords: NaFeAs; electronic structure; ARPES

Diamond Keywords: Antiferromagnetism

Subject Areas: Physics, Materials

Instruments: I05-ARPES

Added On: 17/01/2018 10:42


Discipline Tags:

Superconductors Quantum Materials Physics Hard condensed matter - structures Magnetism Materials Science

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES)