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Elucidating the role of CO2 in the soft oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over ceria-based catalysts

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b03805 DOI Help

Authors: Ewa Nowicka (Cardiff University; Technische Universit├Ąt Berlin) , Christian Reece (Cardiff University) , Sultan M. Althahban (Lehigh University) , Khaled M. H. Mohammed (Sohag University; UK Catalysis Hub; University College London) , Simon A. Kondrat (Cardiff University; Loughborough University) , David John Morgan (Cardiff University) , Qian He (Cardiff University) , David J. Willock (Cardiff University) , Stanislaw Golunski (Cardiff University) , Christopher J. Kiely (Cardiff University; Lehigh University) , Graham J. Hutchings (Cardiff University)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acs Catalysis

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2018
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8071

Abstract: A mixed oxide support containing Ce, Zr and Al was synthesized using a physical grinding method and applied in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane using CO2 as the oxidant. The activity of the support was compared with that of fully-formulated catalysts containing palladium. The Pd/CeZrAlOx material exhibited long-term stability and selectivity to propene (during continuous operation for 140 h) which is not normally associated with dehydrogenation catalysts. From temperature-programmed desorption of NH3 and CO2 it was found that the catalyst possessed both acidic and basic sites. In addition, temperature programmed reduction showed that palladium promoted both the reduction and re-oxidation of the support. When the role of CO2 was investigated in the absence of gas-phase oxidant, using a Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP) reactor, it was found that CO2 dissociates over the reduced catalyst leading to formation of CO and selective oxygen species. It is proposed that CO2 has the dual role of regenerating selective oxygen species, and shifting the equilibrium for alkane dehydrogenation by consuming H2 through the reverse water-gas-shift reaction. These two mechanistic functions have previously been considered to be mutually exclusive.

Journal Keywords: propane oxidative dehydrogenation; propene; CO2; Ceria; Pd; Reverse water gas shift

Subject Areas: Chemistry

Instruments: B18-Core EXAFS