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Phase diagram of antimony up to 31 GPa and 835 K

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.144107 DOI Help

Authors: A. L. Coleman (The University of Edinburgh) , M. Stevenson (The University of Edinburgh) , M. I. Mcmahon (University of Edinburgh) , S. G. Macleod (Atomic Weapons Establishment; Imperial College London)
Co-authored by industrial partner: Yes

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Physical Review B , VOL 97

State: Published (Approved)
Published: April 2018

Abstract: X-ray powder diffraction experiments using resistively heated diamond anvil cells have been conducted in order to establish the phase behavior of antimony up to 31 GPa and 835 K. The dip in the melting curve at 5.7 GPa and 840 K is identified as the triple point between the Sb-I, incommensurate Sb-II, and liquid phases. No evidence of the previously reported simple cubic phase was observed. Determination of the phase boundary between Sb-II and Sb-III suggests the existence of a second triple point in the region of 13 GPa and 1200 K. The incommensurate composite structure of Sb-II was found to remain ordered to the highest temperatures studies—no evidence of disordering of the guest-atom chains was observed. Indeed, the modulation reflections that arise from interactions between the host and guest subsystems were found to be present to the highest temperatures, suggesting such interactions remain relatively strong in Sb even in the presence of increased thermal motion. Finally, we show that the incommensurately modulated structure recently reported as giving an improved fit to diffraction data from incommensurate Ba-IV can be rejected as the structure of Sb-II using a simple density argument.

Journal Keywords: Phase transitions; Structural properties; Crystal structures; Pressure effects; X-ray diffraction

Subject Areas: Materials, Physics

Instruments: I15-Extreme Conditions