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Biolabile ferrous iron bearing nanoparticles in glacial sediments

DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.022 DOI Help

Authors: Jon R. Hawkings (University of Bristol) , Liane G. Benning (University of Leeds; German Research Center for Geosciences; Free University of Berlin) , Rob Raiswell (University of Leeds) , Burkhard Kaulich (Diamond Light Source) , Tohru Araki (Diamond Light Source) , Majid Abyaneh (Diamond Light Source) , Anthony Stockdale (University of Leeds) , Monika Koch-Müller (German Research Center for Geosciences) , Jemma L. Wadham (University of Bristol) , Martyn Tranter (University of Bristol)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Earth And Planetary Science Letters , VOL 493 , PAGES 92 - 101

State: Published (Approved)
Published: July 2018
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 11016

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Glaciers and ice sheets are a significant source of nanoparticulate Fe, which is potentially important in sustaining the high productivity observed in the near-coastal regions proximal to terrestrial ice cover. However, the bioavailability of particulate iron is poorly understood, despite its importance in the ocean Fe inventory. We combined high-resolution imaging and spectroscopy to investigate the abundance, morphology and valence state of particulate iron in glacial sediments. Our results document the widespread occurrence of amorphous and Fe(II)-rich and Fe(II)-bearing nanoparticles in Arctic glacial meltwaters and iceberg debris, compared to Fe(III)-rich dominated particulates in an aeolian dust sample. Fe(II) is thought to be highly biolabile in marine environments. Our work shows that glacially derived Fe is more labile than previously assumed, and consequently that glaciers and ice sheets are therefore able to export potentially bioavailable Fe(II)-containing nanoparticulate material to downstream ecosystems, including those in a marine setting. Our findings provide further evidence that Greenland Ice Sheet meltwaters may provide biolabile particulate Fe that may fuel the large summer phytoplankton bloom in the Labrador Sea, and that Fe(II)-rich particulates from a region of very high productivity downstream of a polar ice sheet may be glacial in origin.

Journal Keywords: glaciers; Arctic; iron; biological pump; export-productivity; sediment

Subject Areas: Earth Science, Environment

Instruments: I08-Scanning X-ray Microscopy beamline (SXM)

Added On: 26/04/2018 10:09


Discipline Tags:

Earth Sciences & Environment Geology Marine science/Oceanography Mineralogy

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS)