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The Mechanism of Acetyl Transfer Catalyzed by Mycobacterium tuberculosis GlmU

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00121 DOI Help

Authors: Peter D. Craggs (The Francis Crick Institute) , Stephane Mouilleron (The Francis Crick Institute; GlaxoSmithKline) , Martin Rejzek (John Innes Centre) , Cesira De Chiara (The Francis Crick Institute (Midland Road)) , Robert J. Young (GlaxoSmithKline) , Robert A. Field (John Innes Centre) , Argyrides Argyrou (GlaxoSmithKline) , Luiz Pedro S. De Carvalho (The Francis Crick Institute)
Co-authored by industrial partner: Yes

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Biochemistry

State: Published (Approved)
Published: April 2018
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 13775

Abstract: The biosynthetic pathway of peptidoglycan is essential for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We report here the acetyltransferase substrate specificity and catalytic mechanism of the bifunctional N-acetyltransferase/uridyltransferase from M. tuberculosis (GlmU). This enzyme is responsible for the final two steps of the synthesis of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine, which is an essential precursor of peptidoglycan, from glucosamine-1-phosphate, acetyl coenzyme A and uridine-5'-triphosphate. GlmU utilizes requires ternary complex formation to transfer an acetyl from acetyl coenzyme A to glucosamine-1-phosphate to form N-acetylglucosmaine-1-phosphate. Steady-state kinetic studies and equilibrium binding experiments indicate that GlmU follows a steady-state ordered kinetic mechanism, with acetyl coenzyme A binding first, which triggers a conformational change on GlmU, followed by glucosamine-1-phosphate binding. Coenzyme A is the last product to dissociate. Chemistry is partially rate-limiting as indicated by pH-rate studies and solvent kinetic isotope effects. A novel crystal structure of a mimic of the Michaelis complex, with glucose-1-phosphate and acetyl-coenzyme A, helps us to propose the residues involved in deprotonation of glucosamine-1-phosphate and the loop movement that likely generates the active site required for glucosamine-1-phosphate to bind. Together, these results pave the way for the rational discovery of improved inhibitors against M. tuberculosis GlmU, some of which might become candidates for antibiotic discovery programs.

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Medicine

Instruments: I03-Macromolecular Crystallography