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Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron generates diverse α-mannosidase activities through subtle evolution of a distal substrate-binding motif

DOI: 10.1107/S2059798318002942 DOI Help

Authors: Andrew J. Thompson (University of York) , Richard J. Spears (University of York) , Yanping Zhu (Newcastle University) , Michael D. L. Suits (University of York) , Spencer J. Williams (University of Melbourne) , Harry J. Gilbert (Newcastle University) , Gideon J. Davies (University of York)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acta Crystallographica Section D Structural Biology , VOL 74 , PAGES 394 - 404

State: Published (Approved)
Published: May 2018
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 7864 , 9948

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: A dominant human gut microbe, the well studied symbiont Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (Bt), is a glyco-specialist that harbors a large repertoire of genes devoted to carbohydrate processing. Despite strong similarities among them, many of the encoded enzymes have evolved distinct substrate specificities, and through the clustering of cognate genes within operons termed polysaccharide-utilization loci (PULs) enable the fulfilment of complex biological roles. Structural analyses of two glycoside hydrolase family 92 α-mannosidases, BT3130 and BT3965, together with mechanistically relevant complexes at 1.8–2.5 Å resolution reveal conservation of the global enzyme fold and core catalytic apparatus despite different linkage specificities. Structure comparison shows that Bt differentiates the activity of these enzymes through evolution of a highly variable substrate-binding region immediately adjacent to the active site. These observations unveil a genetic/biochemical mechanism through which polysaccharide-processing bacteria can evolve new and specific biochemical activities from otherwise highly similar gene products.

Journal Keywords: glycans; carbohydrates; α-mannosidase; substrate specificity; Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron; glycoside hydrolase family 92

Diamond Keywords: Bacteria; Gut Microbiota; Enzymes

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Chemistry

Instruments: I03-Macromolecular Crystallography , I04-1-Macromolecular Crystallography (fixed wavelength) , I04-Macromolecular Crystallography

Added On: 02/05/2018 12:18


Discipline Tags:

Life Sciences & Biotech Structural biology Chemistry Biochemistry

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Macromolecular Crystallography (MX)