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Structural and biochemical insights into the function and evolution of sulfoquinovosidases

DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.8b00453 DOI Help

Authors: Palika Abayakoon (University of Melbourne) , Yi Jin (University of York) , James P. Lingford (The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research; University of Melbourne) , Marija Petricevic (University of Melbourne) , Alan John (The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research; University of Melbourne) , Eileen Ryan (University of Melbourne) , Janice Wai-Ying Mui (University of Melbourne) , Douglas E. V. Pires (University of Melbourne) , David B. Ascher (University of Melbourne) , Gideon J. Davies (University of York) , Ethan D. Goddard-Borger (The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research; University of Melbourne) , Spencer J. Williams (University of Melbourne)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acs Central Science

State: Published (Approved)
Published: September 2018
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 9948

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: An estimated 10 billion tonnes of sulfoquinovose (SQ) are produced and degraded each year. Prokaryotic sulfoglycolytic pathways catabolize sulfoquinovose (SQ) liberated from plant sulfolipid, or its delipidated form α-d-sulfoquinovosyl glycerol (SQGro), through the action of a sulfoquinovosidase (SQase), but little is known about the capacity of SQ glycosides to support growth. Structural studies of the first reported SQase (Escherichia coli YihQ) have identified three conserved residues that are essential for substrate recognition, but crossover mutations exploring active-site residues of predicted SQases from other organisms have yielded inactive mutants casting doubt on bioinformatic functional assignment. Here, we show that SQGro can support the growth of E. coli on par with d-glucose, and that the E. coli SQase prefers the naturally occurring diastereomer of SQGro. A predicted, but divergent, SQase from Agrobacterium tumefaciens proved to have highly specific activity toward SQ glycosides, and structural, mutagenic, and bioinformatic analyses revealed the molecular coevolution of catalytically important amino acid pairs directly involved in substrate recognition, as well as structurally important pairs distal to the active site. Understanding the defining features of SQases empowers bioinformatic approaches for mapping sulfur metabolism in diverse microbial communities and sheds light on this poorly understood arm of the biosulfur cycle.

Journal Keywords: Peptides and proteins; Carbohydrates; Genetics; Chemical structure; Molecular structure

Diamond Keywords: Enzymes

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Chemistry

Instruments: I02-Macromolecular Crystallography

Added On: 10/09/2018 09:33


Discipline Tags:

Biochemistry Chemistry Structural biology Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Macromolecular Crystallography (MX)