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Structural basis of cross-reactivity of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies

DOI: 10.1002/art.40698 DOI Help

Authors: Changrong Ge (Karolinska Institutet) , Bingze Xu (Karolinska Institutet) , Bibo Liang (Karolinska Institutet; Southern Medical University, China) , Erik Lönnblom (Karolinska Institutet) , Susanna L. Lundström (Karolinska Institutet) , Roman A. Zubarev (Karolinska Institutet) , Burcu Ayoglu (KTH‐Royal Institute of Technology) , Peter Nilsson (KTH‐Royal Institute of Technology) , Thomas Skogh (Linköping University) , Alf Kastbom (Linköping University) , Vivianne Malmström (Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska University Hospital) , Lars Klareskog (Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska University Hospital) , René E. M. Toes (University Medical Center, Leiden) , Theo Rispens (University of Amsterdam) , Doreen Dobritzsch (Uppsala University) , Rikard Holmdahl (Karolinska Institutet; Southern Medical University. China)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Arthritis & Rheumatology

State: Published (Approved)
Published: August 2018
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8492 , 11265

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) develop many years before the clinical onset of rheumatoid arthritis. Here we addressed the molecular basis of the specificity and cross-reactivity of ACPAs from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Antibodies isolated from RA patients were expressed as monoclonal chimeric antibodies with mouse Fc and characterized for glycosylation using mass-spectrometry and cross-reactivity using Biacore and Luminex immunoassay. Crystal structures of the antigen-binding fragment (Fab) of the monoclonal ACPA E4 in complex with three different citrullinated peptides were solved using x-ray crystallography. The prevalence of autoantibodies reactive against three of the citrullinated peptides that also interact with E4, was investigated by Luminex immunoassay in two Swedish cohorts of RA patients. RESULTS: Analysis of the crystal structures of a monoclonal ACPA in complex with citrullinated peptides revealed key residues of several complementarity-determining regions (CDR) that recognize the citrulline as well as the neighboring peptide backbone, but with limited contact with the side chains of the peptides. The same citrullinated peptides were recognized by high titers of autoantibodies in two large cohorts of RA patients. CONCLUSIONS: The data show for the first time how ACPA, derived from human RA, recognize citrulline. The specific citrulline recognition and backbone-mediated interactions provide a structural explanation of the promiscuous recognition of citrullinated peptides by RA-specific ACPAs.

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I02-Macromolecular Crystallography , I03-Macromolecular Crystallography , I24-Microfocus Macromolecular Crystallography

Other Facilities: BESSY; ESRF